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How to Stay Safe and Healthy at Work

How to Stay Safe and Healthy at Work

No form of work should be forced, encouraged or allowed if it is at the expense of people's health and safety. Unfortunately, insufficient or lack of safety and health regulation is a major global problem and an ongoing concern in Nigeria. Most employees are exposed to some (or various) safety and health hazards in both the formal and informal industries. Creating and nurturing a safety and health culture at work can help reduce the number of work-related injuries and death. Long hours on a daily basis add up so it is essential to provide and maintain safe working environments if there are chemical, biological, physical, mechanical, psychological and ergonomic hazards. The purpose of this blog post is to offer health and safety advice for work environments that present physical and mental challenges and often potential hazards. Stay Healthy at Work Wellness, the state of being in good health, is very important. Physical Health Sleep enough Drink enough water Eat breakfast and a healthy ...

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Open Your Mind to the World of Autism

Open Your Mind to the World of Autism

Worldwide, there is not nearly enough services and support available for people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and they are often subject to stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. World Autism Awareness Day, observed annually on 2 April, hopes to continue increasing public awareness about autism and the day-to-day issues faced by individuals with ASD. In this blog post we will give an overview of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by looking at the definition, signs of autism, a few facts and recommended resources. What is ASD?  Autism is a lifelong developmental disorder. It influences how an affected person communicates with and relates to others and how they make sense of the world around them. Various combinations of genetic, environmental and unknown factors are believed to cause ASD. Autism spectrum disorder is the name for a group of conditions characterised by unique strengths and differences as well as challenges with: Social skills Repetitive behaviours Spee ...

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What You Need to Know About Osteoarthritis

What You Need to Know About Osteoarthritis

Any adult can suffer from osteoarthritis (OA), but this chronic disease mostly affects older people and can cause disability. Other names for OA include degenerative joint disease, degenerative arthritis and wear-and-tear arthritis. Knee OA is one of the leading causes of global disability. FACTS Knee OA is a prevalent condition in Nigeria and a public health burden Evidence in earlier studies suggested OA prevalence in Nigeria is increasing 1 out of every 5 adults, aged 40 and older, has symptomatic knee OA with a point prevalence of 19.6% What is Osteoarthritis? Cartilage is the rubberlike, flexible tissue you find at the end of bones. It acts as a protective ‘cushion’ between bones that rub against each other in a joint. Joints connect bones in the body. OA is the result of cartilage breaking down. With reduced cushioning, bones end up rubbing together which typically results in stiffness and pain, among other symptoms. Cartilage can wear away completely. This progressiv ...

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How to Prepare for and Cope with Failed IVF

How to Prepare for and Cope with Failed IVF

Once a couple starts trying to conceive they are usually excited and filled with hope. They have dreams and plans... which do not include struggling or failing to fall pregnant. However, for many couples, fertility treatments are the only option for conception and the physical procedures are only one part of the process. Fertility treatments have helped millions of couples and individuals around the world, but not all treatments are successful. Global IVF success rates are under 50%. More than ½ the IVF cycles fail and nobody knows exactly why. Preparing for IVF Success and Failure Before signing up for and undergoing fertility treatment, which usually involves IVF, you need to mentally and financially prepare for the physical procedures. You also need to prepare for the emotional challenges you will face during and possibly after the procedures. Questions to ask your doctor in advance include: What’s my fertilisation rate? Do I have good or poor quality embryos? Do I need donor eggs? Shou ...

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Causes of Heart Failure and How to Avoid it

Causes of Heart Failure and How to Avoid it

Heart failure, a growing global problem, has serious consequences in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Nigeria, 45% of patients die from heart failure caused by untreated, abnormally high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. Dr Okechukwu Ogah is a heart expert and consultant cardiologist at the University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan. After revealing the above statistic from a heart failure survey he added that the “average age of a heart failure patient is 52.3 years, which is about 20 years younger than the average of patients with heart failure in Europe and American where it is essentially a problem of the elderly.” Other leading causes of heart failure, identified in several studies from different regions of the country,  are cardiomyopathy and rheumatic heart diseases (RHDs). What is Heart Failure? Heart failure (HF), also known as congestive heart failure, is what happens when your heart muscle is unable to effectively distribute blood throughout the body, because it is too weak or ...

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What You Need to Know About TB and Antibiotic Misuse

What You Need to Know About TB and Antibiotic Misuse

One of the health targets of the Sustainable Development Goals is ending the TB pandemic by 2030. To support this target, World Tuberculosis Day is observed every year on the 24th of March.   What is Tuberculosis (TB)? TB is a contagious disease. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that causes TB, generally attacks the lungs, but the kidneys, spine and brain are also at risk. There are two conditions related to TB. They are: Latent TB infection (LTBI) TB disease.   Approximately 1/4 of the world's population has latent TB.   Who is Most at Risk? Diabetics People who use tobacco The very poor and malnourished Young adults in their most productive years   Untreated TB disease can be fatal, but with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, the majority of deaths from TB could be prevented. TB Facts & Stats Tuberculosis should be taken more seriously. Here are a few important tuberculosis facts and statistics: TB i ...

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The Thing About Natural and Refined Sugars...

The Thing About Natural and Refined Sugars...

Numerous unhealthy beverages and foods we are exposed to today are considered by many as delicious, convenient and affordable. The thing is, what is tasty, easy and cheap today could very likely cost you a fortune in the future if it leads to health problems.   This blog post will look at sugar which is a simple carbohydrate that is broken down and used for energy. Sugar can be found in fruit, but sugar is also used to create baked goods and it is added to more foods and beverages than you may know. Knowing more about different types of sugars and their effects could help you make better nutrition choices.   Types of Sugar Monosaccharides is the name for simple sugars which include glucose (dextrose), fructose and galactose.   Disaccharides consist of two simple sugars combined, ‘double sugar’. Examples include sucrose (table sugar) that contains glucose and fructose, maltose from malted grain and lactose from milk.   Polysaccharides are longer chains of sugars. Exampl ...

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What You Should Know About Self-injury Awareness Day

What You Should Know About Self-injury Awareness Day

There is a reason this day exists and it is important to know why.   The Date  The 1st of March is Self-injury Awareness Day (SIAD) and it is observed worldwide, every year. On Self-injury Awareness Day (SIAD) people are encouraged to: Open up about their self-harming behaviour Talk about how they try to deal with it.   Those supporting the cause can wear an orange ribbon.   The Objective There is a stigma attached to self-injury that this day hopes to address. So, annually on the 1st of March, people join efforts all around the world to: Work on removing this stigma Encourage those who self-harm to talk about it Make more people aware of signs that could indicate self-harm tendencies or occurrences   What is Self-injury or Self-harm? To self-harm is to hurt or injure oneself deliberately (usually without suicidal intentions) and there is usually a reason behind it. Harm is inflicted in the form of intentional body tissue damage to, for e ...

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Breakthrough Research Could Improve the Lives of Older People

Breakthrough Research Could Improve the Lives of Older People

According to the Oxford Dictionary, rejuvenation is ‘the action or process of making someone or something look or feel better, younger, or more vital.’   In the marketing world, the word is synonymous with numerous physical enhancements through beauty and relaxation treatments and therapies.   Aubrey Grey, an English author and biomedical gerontologist, defines it as ‘a medical discipline focused on the practical reversal of the aging process.’   For the purpose of this blog post, rejuvenation will be used in relation to the biological aging process and the potential intervention of said process.   The Rejuvenation of Old Human Cells  A method to rejuvenate inactive, senescent (ageing or deteriorating) cells has been found. The discovery (funded by the Dunhill Medical Trust) was made by a research team at the University of Exeter headed by a Professor of Molecular Genetics, Lorna Harries. Researchers Professor Richard Faragher and Dr Elizabeth Ostler ...

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How You Can Prevent Passing on an Illness to Your Child

How You Can Prevent Passing on an Illness to Your Child

Having a happy, healthy baby who grows into a happy, healthy child is something most people dream about and hope for. Unfortunately, there are conditions and diseases that can get in the way of this dream. However, thanks to two assisted conception methods, babies do not have to inherit certain conditions from their parents and suffer the consequences. Gene-related Conditions Medical problems can arise from a harmful gene mutation – a change that occurs in the DNA (genetic sequence). Some of these problems can be inherited, that is, passed on from one or both parents to their children. Good to Know: Not all genetic problems are hereditary. Preventing Hereditary Genetic Conditions Some conditions you cannot predict or prevent, whether inherited from a parent or not. However, there are diseases that could be eliminated before embryo implantation. The two procedures that enable this option are: Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) Preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) I ...

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