SunBlog_View

Preventing Sickle Cell Disease with PGD and Managing it

Preventing Sickle Cell Disease with PGD and Managing it

Sickle Cell Disease (SCD), or sickle cell anemia, is a group of inherited red blood cell disorders that affects millions of people throughout the world. To make people more aware of this genetic disorder, September was named National Sickle Cell Awareness Month in 1983. There is a way to avoid passing this disease to your baby. To find out more, CONTINUE READING. The Role of Red Blood Cells Healthy red blood cells, apart from giving the blood its red colour, are also responsible for distributing enough oxygen throughout the body. If you have sickle cell disease, you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells. Hemoglobin is the protein molecule in red blood cells that carries oxygen. In medical terms, with SCD, abnormal haemoglobin S (Hb S) instead of haemoglobin A (Hb A) is present in the red blood cells. Red Blood Cell Morphology Regular, healthy red blood cells are round and flexible, making movement through blood vessels easy. Individuals with sickle cell disease carry red ...

Read the rest of entry »

The Importance and Benefits of Preventative Healthcare

The Importance and Benefits of Preventative Healthcare

The old proverb, 'Prevention is Better than Cure' still rings true today. This involves: maintaining a healthy, balanced diet staying fit – physically and mentally going for regular health checks. The Benefits of Preventative Healthcare Improved quality of life Early diagnosis = early treatment Avoid or reduce symptoms of illness Many diseases, if caught early, can be eradicated Productivity and efficiency at work can be maintained Regular screenings can save you from crippling medical costs in the future Our Basic Needs People need water, food, warmth, rest, safety and security to survive. If these basic needs are not met, physical and mental health are at risk. Even if you have the above covered, you should not assume you are always in good health. Lifestyle Choices and Habits Certain lifestyle choices and habits can cause severe damage. Smoking, for example, can lead to num ...

Read the rest of entry »

What is the Cause of Male Factor Infertility?

What is the Cause of Male Factor Infertility?

Some individuals may know that infertility remains a growing problem in Nigeria. However, what many people don't know is that, according to studies, male factor infertility is responsible for up to 50% of all infertility challenges in the country. These facts and numbers are not common knowledge which makes it even more important to create awareness about the high prevalence of male infertility, its causes and treatment options. What Causes Male Infertility? Lifestyle habits such as stress, smoking, recreational drug use, a poor diet and weight problems can cause low sperm count, which means the concentration of sperm in a semen sample is abnormal. Low sperm count reduces male fertility. Wearing tight underwear is also discouraged. Semen is made up of the seminal fluid and the sperm. Semen that is abnormal in appearance, or otherwise, may be the result of STDs or other infections which can also affect male fertility. A Journal of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences ...

Read the rest of entry »

How to Prevent Your Baby from Inheriting Sickle Cell Disease

How to Prevent Your Baby from Inheriting Sickle Cell Disease

The last thing loving parents want for their children is suffering. Grazed knees and broken hearts are essentially inevitable, but almost all parents will do everything they can to protect their children from anything even remotely threatening. UNFORTUNATELY THERE ARE SOME THREATS LURKING AROUND, EVEN BEFORE BIRTH. Sickle cell disease (SCD), also known as sickle cell anemia, is a condition inherited from one’s parents and therefore not contagious. Unfortunately, this genetic condition has serious effects including vision problems, delayed growth, frequent infections, painful swelling of the hands and feet and fatigue caused by the anemia (shortage of healthy red blood cells). The worst and main symptom, however, is severe pain (sickle cell crisis). Repeat episodes, of varying intensity, can last for hours or even weeks. In time, it leads to organ damage which may or may not include the skin, bones, joints, brain, eyes, lungs, heart, spleen, liver, kidneys and penis. FORTUNATELY, THANKS ...

Read the rest of entry »

Breakthrough: Human Embryos Safely Edited to Remove Disease

Breakthrough: Human Embryos Safely Edited to Remove Disease

What if, instead of trying to prevent a disease – or attempting to cure it – it could just be eliminated, before birth? Surely the world as we know it would change forever, in practically countless ways? One of the latest breakthroughs in science involved the editing of genes in a human embryo to safely remove a dangerous mutation which results in heart disease. Some researchers and experts believe the procedure could one day be used to cure cancer, along with thousands of conditions caused by inherited mutations. What We Know For the procedure, a genome editing tool (advanced genetic engineering tool) namely CRISPR-Cas9 was used by a US-Korean team* led by Shoukhrat Mitalipov. The research was officially published on the 2nd of August 2017 in the journal Nature. This breakthrough is huge It’s still a long way from clinical use The study did not achieve a 100% success rate Gene editing is in a sense a very precise DNA surgery The method ...

Read the rest of entry »

Why it's Important to Know Your Genotype and Blood Group Compatibility

Why it's Important to Know Your Genotype and Blood Group Compatibility

In this blog post we will look at the definition of the words genotype and blood group and why it is important to know your genotype and your blood group compatibility. We will also look at the tests used to determine genotype and blood types and which tests are offered by Bridge Clinic. What is a Genotype? A genotype is the entire genetic constitution of an individual, i.e. the genetic makeup of an organism or group of organisms with reference to a single trait, set of traits, or an entire complex of traits. In a nutshell: your genotype is your complete heritable genetic identity; the sum total of genes transmitted from parent to offspring. There are four hemoglobin genotypes (hemoglobin pairs/formations) in humans: AA, AS, SS and AC (uncommon). SS and AC are the abnormal genotypes or the sickle cells. We all have a specific pair of these hemoglobin in our blood which we inherited from both parents. Why it’s Important to Know Your Genotype Knowing one's hemoglobin genotype before choosing a life ...

Read the rest of entry »

What You Need to Know About the Cholera and Hepatitis E Waves in Nigeria

What You Need to Know About the Cholera and Hepatitis E Waves in Nigeria

A red alert has been raised, by the World Health Organization (WHO), to spread awareness of the acute cases of cholera and hepatitis E in Nigeria. This after the Nigerian Ministry of Health notified the WHO, on 18 June 2017, of a wave of hepatitis E located in the north-east region of the country. What is Cholera and How is it Transmitted? Cholera is an infectious and often fatal bacterial disease of the small intestine, typically contracted from infected water supplies, that causes severe vomiting and diarrhoea. What is Hepatitis E and How is it Transmitted? Hepatitis E is a rare form of liver inflammation caused by infection with the hepatitis E virus (HEV). It is transmitted via food or drink handled by an infected person or through infected water supplies in areas where fecal matter may get into the water. Believed Causes of these Infections, According to the WHO Cholera Wave 2017: poor hygiene, shortage of clean drinking water and ongoing humanitarian crisis Hepatitis E Wave 2017: ongo ...

Read the rest of entry »

Training at Our International Partners in Austria

Training at Our International Partners in Austria

Bridge Clinic recently sent their clinical team to visit the headquarters of our international partner, IVF Centres Prof. Zech in Bregenz, Austria. As always, the training experience was invaluable. We send our staff to train at these centres in Europe so they can continue to develop and deliver the highest standard IVF treatment in Nigeria. The IVF Centres Prof. Zech: Overview The IVF Centres Prof. Zech are private clinics in Europe that are world-renowned leaders in the field of reproductive medicine. They are committed to excellence and have clinics in Bregenz and Salzburg (Austria), Czech Republic, Italy, and Switzerland. Bridge Clinic’s Training Highlights Optimizing stimulation protocols Use of automated 3-D ultrasound technology to enhance follicular monitoring and proper endometrial assessment Stringent attention to egg collection techniques to ensure quality yield of oocytes Innovative embryo transfer technique which significantly increases pregnancy rates and reduces t ...

Read the rest of entry »

Why Weight Management is Important for Natural Conception

Why Weight Management is Important for Natural Conception

Weight management seems like a minor factor to consider, but it can affect natural conception. In this day and age, infertility – both female and male factor – affects many couples. However, some challenges are easier to overcome than others. Ideally, one would like to improve a couple’s chances of conceiving naturally, by providing lifestyle management advice and guidance, before turning to assisted reproductive technology. Weight management is one of the lifestyle factors that can influence natural conception. Once a healthy body weight has been reached and maintained, one can start looking at other factors that may be delaying or hindering conception. At Bridge Clinic, assistance with weight management falls under Primary Care services. Hormonal imbalance, caused by additional curves or a larger frame, can disrupt normal ovulation. Fortunately, if 5% to 10% of total body weight is lost, the ovulation cycle should stabilise and chances of pregnancy should increase. That is why it is ...

Read the rest of entry »

What is Male Factor Infertility and Why the Stigma?

What is Male Factor Infertility and Why the Stigma?

When talking about fertility challenges, we are referring to couples who have trouble conceiving or sustaining a pregnancy. Fortunately, there are tests to determine fertility status and treatments to overcome infertility challenges. Even though these challenges are often attributed to women, both partners can face challenges or infertility can solely be due to male factors. What is Male Factor Infertility? In a nutshell, it refers to a situation where a man has challenges and difficulties in getting his female partner pregnant which includes the reproductive organs, semen and sperm therein. Problems in any of these areas could make it difficult for sperm to successfully fertilise eggs. There are many factors that can cause infertility in men, but several of these complications can be overcome. The cause and its severity will determine the course of treatment recommended by primary healthcare consultants or, if necessary, fertility specialists. Male Factor Infertility: Why the Stigma? Many men look forwa ...

Read the rest of entry »

Pages: Prev1234567...15NextReturn Top