Healthy red blood cells are responsible for distributing enough oxygen throughout the body. If you have sickle cell anaemia, a type of anaemia that is inherited (i.e. a genetic disorder), you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells.
In medical terms, abnormal haemoglobin S (Hb S) instead of haemoglobin A (Hb A) is present in the red blood cells.
Regular, healthy red blood cells are round and flexible, making movement through blood vessels easy. In patients who have sickle cell anaemia, not only are the red blood cells shaped like sickles, but they turn rigid and sticky causing them to get stuck in small blood vessels. This can slow or even block blood flow and therefore delay oxygen distribution to certain parts of the body.
Sickle Cell Anaemia in Nigeria
According to research, Nigeria has the largest population of people with sickle cell anaemia (or sickle cell disease aka SCD) in the world. Every year, more than 150 000 babies are born with this serious condition. Also alarming is the estimatio ...
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