07:44 2nd February 2018 | Cancer Control
Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Before we look at the leading cancers in women, men and children, let’s look at efforts to spread awareness.
February the 4th was declared World Cancer Day. Its origin can be traced back to the first World Summit Against Cancer that was held in Paris (France) in 2000. World Cancer Day is observed worldwide and there is a reason for it. This year alone, nearly 8 million people will die of cancer, and left unchecked, the number of deaths will increase to 13.2 million per year by 2030. This important day therefore exists to raise awareness of cancer, target misinformation, reduce stigma and to encourage its prevention, detection and treatment.
To support the goals of the World Cancer Declaration, written in 2008, the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) has established an overarching goal which is as follows: “Major reductions in premature deaths from cancer, and improvements in quality of life and cancer survival rates, by 2025.”
To reach this goal, 9 targets have been set out:
MOST COMMON CANCERS IN MEN:
MOST COMMON CANCERS IN WOMEN:
NB: Cervical cancer is the most common cancer in women aged 35 years and under.
Noteworthy: The incidence of thyroid cancer in South Korea is extraordinarily high and the challenges are substantial.
CANCERS IN CHILDREN
An IARC report* released in 2016 supports the belief that childhood cancer is becoming a public health crisis in the developing world. The most common cancers in children are:
*International Agency for Research on Cancer
Nearly half of childhood cancers worldwide are cancers of the blood (leukemia and lymphoma). Alarmingly, leukemia is rarely diagnosed in sub-Saharan Africa. It is also becoming more apparent that there is a pressing need for extensive research into the correlation between childhood cancer and other diseases in some areas of the world.
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