20:28 31st August 2017 | Acute Disease
A red alert has been raised, by the World Health Organization (WHO), to spread awareness of the acute cases of cholera and hepatitis E in Nigeria. This after the Nigerian Ministry of Health notified the WHO, on 18 June 2017, of a wave of hepatitis E located in the north-east region of the country.
What is Cholera and How is it Transmitted?
Cholera is an infectious and often fatal bacterial disease of the small intestine, typically contracted from infected water supplies, that causes severe vomiting and diarrhoea.
What is Hepatitis E and How is it Transmitted?
Hepatitis E is a rare form of liver inflammation caused by infection with the hepatitis E virus (HEV). It is transmitted via food or drink handled by an infected person or through infected water supplies in areas where fecal matter may get into the water.
Believed Causes of these Infections, According to the WHO
The Guardian on Cholera Outbreaks
On 18 June 2017, WHO was notified by the Nigerian Ministry of Health about the hepatitis E outbreak located in the north-east region of the country.
February 2017, The WHO on the ongoing humanitarian crisis: “...eight years of violent conflict... widespread displacement and devastation... acute food and nutrition insecurity...desperate shortage of essential health care… Constant conflict continues to challenge the abilities of the WHO and health sector partners to access people who are most in need of basic health services. Insecurity is a major constraint, with recent attacks on humanitarian staff. Access to local government areas requires military escort on poor roads and communication with many of these areas is extremely limited.”
What is Being Done About the Outbreaks?
The WHO’s Recommendations include:
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