13:28 29th August 2018 | Genetic Defects
How Is Fragile X Syndrome Linked to Autism?
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is an inherited genetic disorder that may cause learning and behavioural challenges and is often characterised by large ears or a long face. It is caused by a mutation on the FMR1 gene on the X chromosome, which affects the production of a certain protein. An absence of this protein causes the characteristic symptoms of FXS.
As females have two copies of the X chromosome, they are far less likely to inherit the disorder.
What are the characteristics of FXS:
FXS and autism:
FXS is the most common genetic cause of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). ASD is a cluster of symptoms which is usually characterised by the inability to communicate or interact socially with other people.
Many individuals with FXS but not ASD are still very sociable, are acutely aware of their surroundings, and have a great memory and sense of humour. If you are aware that FXS runs in your family, genetic testing is recommended should you wish you have children.
DON’T MISS IMPORTANT AND RELEVANT HEALTH-RELATED UPDATES
Sign up to receive our monthly mailers.
If you have any questions, or if you want to book an appointment, please don’t hesitate to get in touch:
Call: 01 631 0092 / +234 (0)1 631 0092
Visit: 66 Oduduwa Way, Ikeja GRA
Search by condition, treatment or keyword and conveniently browse our informative articles
Book an appointment online or search for a clinic close to you.Book an Appointment