19:02 25th February 2018 | Antibiotics Abuse
One of the health targets of the Sustainable Development Goals is ending the TB pandemic by 2030. To support this target, World Tuberculosis Day is observed every year on the 24th of March.
What is Tuberculosis (TB)?
TB is a contagious disease. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that causes TB, generally attacks the lungs, but the kidneys, spine and brain are also at risk. There are two conditions related to TB. They are:
Approximately 1/4 of the world's population has latent TB.
Who is Most at Risk?
Untreated TB disease can be fatal, but with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, the majority of deaths from TB could be prevented.
TB Facts & Stats
Tuberculosis should be taken more seriously. Here are a few important tuberculosis facts and statistics:
Which Symptoms are Associated with TB?
Because symptoms may be mild for months, treatment is usually delayed, allowing the bacteria to spread.
How Does TB Spread?
TB spreads from person to person through the air. Germs reach the air when people with lung TB cough, sneeze or spit. Only a few inhaled germs can lead to infection.
Every person with active TB – that is not treated – can infect up to 15 people in a year through close contact.
About TB Treatment
It is estimated that between 2000 and 2016, 53 million lives were saved thanks to accurate diagnosis and successful treatment.
Rifampicin (RRTB) is the most effective first-line drug against TB disease. However, drug-resistant TB has become more than a major issue. It is a public health crisis and a health security threat. According to WHO’s estimations, there were 600 000 people with drug resistant TB in 2016 and a massive 490 000 of those had multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB).
Extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) is even worse than MDR-TB since otherwise effective second-line anti-TB drugs are even less effective or not at all.
Globally, only 54% of people with MDR-TB are being successfully treated. Only 30% of people with XDR-TB are being successfully treated.
The Dangers of Self-medication
The misuse and overuse of antibiotics, including using antibiotics not prescribed by medical experts, is a major health problem in Nigeria. It leads to antibiotic resistance, meaning the antibiotic cannot effectively control or kill bacterial growth.
TB DRUG RESISTANCE IS PARTLY DUE TO THE MISUSE AND OVERUSE OF ANTIBIOTICS
At our Bridge Medical Centre, we put our patients’ health and privacy first. We are more than just healthcare providers. We are a family and you can trust us to always provide expert, professional care.
If you have any questions about TB, or if you want to get tested or treated, please don’t hesitate to get in touch:
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